The European Commission has approved VB's takeover of FIAMM’s automotive battery business. Both companies supply batteries to car and truck manufacturers as well as to providers of replacement parts. VB, a joint venture of the US firm Johnson Controls and the German company Robert Bosch, is the leader in the European market of automotive starter batteries. The Commission's in-depth investigation concluded that the transaction would seriously limit the ability of car and truck manufacturers to switch to alternative suppliers. However, the Commission considers the remedies proposed by VB to be sufficient to preserve competition. These remedies include divesture of manufacturing capacity and of some key FIAMM brands relevant to the replacement part markets of Italy, Austria, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.