The Southern District of New York recently confirmed an arbitration award made by the China Maritime Arbitration Commission, over objections that enforcement of the award was inappropriate because the award was being challenged before the proper authority in China. This is a particularly noteworthy opinion because of the court’s willingness to confirm the arbitration award despite the fact that the defendant had filed a petition with a foreign jurisdiction to set aside the award, which means that the arbitral award was not final.
The Court confirmed the award under the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards and the Federal Arbitration Act (“the Convention”). Under the Convention, a court “shall confirm the award” unless one of seven enumerated exceptions applies. Applying those, in connection with the Second Circuit’s non-exhaustive list of six “competing concerns”, the court concluded that confirmation of the award was appropriate. The District Court, however, refused to award attorneys’ fees finding that the defendant had not delayed payment in bad faith.
Defendants have appealed this decision to the Second Circuit. China National Chartering Group Corp. v. Pactrans Air & Sea, Inc., Case No. 06-13107 (S.D. N.Y. Nov. 13, 2009).