Under the Swedish Arbitration Act a decision concerning the arbitrators' fees can be appealed to court. However in the academic debate and preparatory work leading to the Act, it was noted that this provision is not intended to be applicable when the fees in question have been decided by a third party, such as an arbitration institution, rather than the arbitrators themselves. In December 2008 the Supreme Court concluded that this does not mean that a court can reject such an appeal out of hand, but that instead it must adjudicate it on the merits. However, such an adjudication is likely to be limited to the issue of whether the decision on fees was made in accordance with the rules of the arbitration institution in question.