On February 10, the European Commission published a statement setting out details of the common approach it has agreed with the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) on requirements for transatlantic central counterparties (CCPs).
The statement explains that the agreement reached will ensure that EU CCPs will be able to do business in the U.S. more easily, and that U.S. CCPs can continue to provide services to EU companies. To implement the agreement:
- The Commission intends to shortly propose for adoption an equivalence decision under the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (“EMIR”) with respect to CFTC requirements for U.S. CCPs. This will allow the European Securities and Markets Authority (“ESMA”) to recognize U.S. CCPs wanting to serve EU markets as soon as practicable. Once recognized, a U.S. CCP may continue to provide services in the EU while complying primarily with CFTC requirements. It will also become a qualifying CCP for the purposes of the Capital Requirements Regulation (Regulation 575/2013) (CRR), which will lower costs for EU banks and their subsidiaries.
- The CFTC will propose a determination of comparability with respect to EU requirements. This will permit EU CCPs to provide services to U.S. clearing members and clients while complying primarily with certain corresponding EU requirements. The CFTC will also streamline the registration process for EU CCPs wishing to register with it.
- The Commission will shortly propose the adoption of an equivalence decision to determine that U.S. trading venues are equivalent to regulated markets in the EU. This will provide a level playing field between EU and U.S. trading venues for the purposes of the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (2004/39/EC) (MiFID).
- The steps needed to implement the agreement will be put in place as soon as practicable, and the Commission will work with the CFTC to ensure that the changes are implemented in a co-ordinated manner. The Commission will also work with the CFTC to monitor the impacts resulting from the changes, and assess whether any further actions are necessary to ensure financial stability or prevent regulatory arbitrage.
Commenting on the agreement in a separate statement, ESMA advises that, once the Commission’s equivalence decision on the U.S. regime is adopted under EMIR, it will “rapidly” resume the recognition process of specific CFTC-supervised U.S. CCPs that had applied to it to be recognized in the EU. Although EMIR gives ESMA up to 180 working days to conclude the recognition process, ESMA intends to do everything it can to shorten the period, and will proceed with recognition as soon as the U.S. applicant CCPs meet the conditions contained in the equivalence decision. Given the June 21, 2016 deadline for the start of the EMIR clearing obligation in the EU, ESMA understands that U.S. CCPs will have a strong interest in becoming fully compliant with EU equivalence conditions, which should help to shorten the period.