DOI Secretary Ken Salazar and MMS Director Liz Birnbaum announced yesterday that MMS collected more than $157M through aggressive enforcement actions in calendar year 2009. Of this sum, $64M was collected through enforcement activities including audit and compliance programs; more than $34M was collected through automated detection systems, including interest on late payments; and more than $58M was collected through follow-up enforcement actions including civil penalties, negotiated settlements, and other methods to collect royalties. In the announcement, Director Birnbaum stated that MMS intends to "collect every penny that is due to taxpayers" through future enforcement efforts.