An annual report on State aid granted in 2012 has been published by UOKiK, Poland’s competition authority.
The report, which does not cover de minimis State aid, shows that PLN 20.38 billion (c. €4.87 billion) was provided in 2012. This represents a fall of PLN 1.1 billion (c. €260 million) compared to 2011 and of PLN 3.71 billion (c. €890 million) compared to 2010.
In 2012, PLN 3.41 billion (c. €815 million) was provided to the transport sector. The railway sector received more than any other transport sector, including PLN 900.7 million (c. €215.5 million) to Przewozy Regionalne and PLN 548.1 million (c. €131 million) to PKP Intercity. Of the remainder:
- 94.9% by value was granted in the form of tax allowances and grants
- over 50% by value was granted to large beneficiaries
- over 34% consisted of horizontal aid, mainly to support employment and R&D
- the largest reduction (c. 50% in value compared to 2011) was in sector aid, mainly because less aid was granted to the energy sector
- Polskie Linie Lotnicze LOT received the next most by value - PLN 400 million (c. € 96 million) – in the form of a rescue aid loan.
Other significant beneficiaries were:
- PLN 383.2 million (c. €91.6 million) to Spółka Restrukturyzacji Kopalń
- PLN 283.6 million (c. € 67.8 million) to Wielkopolska Sieć Szerokopasmowa
- PLN 253.9 million (c. € 60.7 million) to Telewizja Polska
- PLN 242.2 million (c. € 57.9 million) to Wytwórnia Sprzętu Komunikacyjnego PZL-Rzeszów
- PLN 238.2 million (c. € 57 million) to Operator Gazociągów Przesyłowych GAZ-SYSTEM
- PLN 205.9 million (c. € 49.3 million) to PGE Górnictwo i Energetyka Konwencjonalna.
The full report is available in Polish on UOKiK’s website.