On 1 April 2015, The Office of Rail Regulation (ORR) was re-named as the Office of Rail and Road, reflecting its new responsibilities for monitoring the efficiency and performance of England's strategic road network but enabling it to keep the same acronym. Also from that date:
- The Highways Agency became a government-owned company, Highways England, with specific performance improvements and investment to deliver over the five-year funding period.
- The ORR took over responsibility for independently monitoring and enforcing the performance and efficiency of Highways England.
The ORR states that it will work to secure improved performance and efficiency as well as safety and sustainability from the strategic road network to benefit road users and the public. It will focus on increasing transparency, making more information available on Highways England's performance, and provide robust advice to the Secretary of State on future performance requirements.