A number of issues remained after the Dynamex decision. How is the new “ABC” test actually applied in specific circumstances? Will it be applied more broadly than the Wage Order application involved in the decision itself? Will it be applied retroactively or prospectively? Courts are wrestling with these issues, and legislation (AB 5) is proceeding through the California legislature that seeks to codify the Dynamex decision, expand its scope and, in its current form, to make the legislation retroactive.

As for the issue of retroactivity, that issue was coming down against employers. The California Supreme Court had declined a request to clarify its Dynamex decision on this issue. In May of this year, the Ninth Circuit federal court issued an opinion (Vazquez v. Jan-Pro Franchising International), holding that Dynamex applies retroactively. Undeterred, Jan-Pro Franchising filed a Petition for Rearing with the Ninth Circuit.

On July 22, 2019, the Ninth Circuit issued an Order, withdrawing its previous decision, and indicating that it will be certifying to the California Supreme Court the question of whether Dynamex applies retroactively. The retroactivity issue is still alive.

This will be an uphill battle, but there are good arguments for prospective application of the Dynamex decision, and hope springs eternal. Stay tuned.