The Government of Canada has reportedly formed a joint venture through the National Research Council of Canada with Canadian Natural Resources Ltd. and Pond Biofuels to build a $19-million Alberta-based plant that will use algae to convert greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from an oil sands facility into bio fuel. Carbon dioxide from Canadian Natural’s Primrose South oil sands site will reportedly be used to grow algal biomass for further processing into bio fuels, livestock feed and fertilizer. The three-year project is intended to test the technology’s viability and feasibility on a large scale. “If proven successful,” according to a May 10, 2013, government news release, “it can then be used as a model for recycling industrial emissions in the oil sands, and in industries across Canada and around the world.”