On 4 March 2016, Commission Delegated Decisions under Solvency II on the equivalence of solvency regimes in force in Bermuda and Japan were published in the Official Journal of the EU.  These came into effect on 24 March 2016 (stated to apply retrospectively from 1 January 2016).  Other than for captives and special purpose insurers, the Commission considers the Bermudan regimes regarding (a) reinsurance, (b) insurance activities and (c) prudential supervision of groups, fully equivalent for Solvency II purposes.  For Japan, temporary equivalence has been granted for reinsurance activities (until the end of 2020) and provisional equivalence in respect insurance activities (for ten years from 1 January 2016).