The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) won summary judgment on its suit to collect a $4.35 million penalty it imposed for violation of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA). HHS imposed the penalty on Uplift Medical, P.C., for its failure to comply with two provisions of HIPAA. HHS brought suit to collect on its penalty, which Uplift opposed. The U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland granted HHS's motion for summary judgment in large part because of Uplift's failure to exhaust its administrative remedies.