Recent set backs in FCPA prosecutions against individuals are not deterring the SEC. Last week the Department of Justice dismissed one of its highest profile FCPA prosecutions against individuals, the so-called African sting case. There 22 defendants had been indicted following the largest sting operation in FCPA history. After two unsuccessful trials for the initial groups of defendants, the DOJ moved to dismiss the action with prejudice (here).
By the end of the week, however, the SEC brought charges against three oil services executives of Nobel Corporation in two suits. SEC v. Jackson, (S.D. Tx. Filed Feb. 24, 2012); SEC v. O’Rourke, (S.D.Tx. Filed Feb. 24, 2012). The former names as defendants Mark Jackson, former CEO of Nobel, and James Ruehlen, current Director and Division Manager of the firm’s subsidiary in Nigeria. The latter names as a defendant Thomas O’Rourke, former controller and head of internal audit at Nobel. Mr. O’Rourke settled with the Commission. The other case is in litigation.
The charges arise from a sweep of the oil services industry in late 2010. At that time Nobel Corporation was charged with FCPA violations. The firm entered into a non-prosecution agreement with the Department of Justice and settled with the SEC (here).
The focus of the scheme was to permit the company to keep its drilling equipment in the country and avoid significant import charges. Specifically, temporary import permits allowed the rigs to be in the country for one year. Officials could grant up to three extensions of six months each. After that the rigs had to be exported and then re-imported under a new temporary permit. This required the payment of sizable duties.
Messrs. Jackson and Ruehlen are alleged to have arranged and facilitated the payment of bribes to induce Nigerian customs officials to grant new permits and extend others. The two men arranged to pay hundreds of thousands of dollars in bribes to obtain eleven illicit permits and twenty-nine extensions, according to the complaint. Mr. Jackson is also alleged to have approved the bribe payments and concealed them from the audit committee and auditors. Mr. Ruehlen prepared false documents for the bribes, according to the charging papers.
The complaint against Messrs. Jackson and Ruehlen alleges violations of Exchange Act Sections 30A, 13(b)(2)(A), 13(b)(2)(B) and 13(b)(5). The case is in litigation.
The complaint against Mr. O’Rourke claims that he aided and abetted the violations by the company of the bribery, books and records and internal control provisions of the FCPA and that he directly violated the internal control and false records provisions of the Exchange Act. Mr. O’Rourke settled with the SEC, consenting to the entry of a permanent injunction, without admitting or denying the allegations in the complaint, which prohibits future violations of Exchange Act Sections 13(b)(2)(A), 12(b)(2)(B, 12(b)(5) and 30A. He also agreed to pay a civil penalty of $35,000.