Our recent experience suggests that Chinese companies have a continued interest in investing in the UK despite the short-term political uncertainty created by Brexit. In the long-term, however, it is expected that Brexit implications on HR management will be felt by more Chinese companies in the UK as they expand their operations by localising their workforce with EU nationals and British citizens.
Whilst political uncertainty remains with Brexit, the fog is beginning to lift in the legal landscape for future immigration control in the UK. Chinese companies operating in the UK can take advantage of the upcoming changes to maximise their talent strategy to compete in the global economy.
In the midst of Brexit chaos, it has not escaped our notice that the Home Office published their Statement of Intent to change the Immigration Rules (HC 1919) on 7 March 2019. For many employers in the UK, there are significant changes to the Immigration Rules which will have an impact on the recruitment and retention of their EU national talent.
Given that EU leaders have agreed politically to extend the Brexit deadline from 29 March 2019 to 12 April 2019 in a no-deal scenario recently, we expect the UK Government and Houses of Parliament will pass legislation to change the exit day accordingly. This will have an effect of changing some of the dates and deadlines mentioned below. The Home Office has yet to confirm any new dates or deadlines as of the date of this publication.
EU Settlement Scheme
As most employers are now aware, the UK Government has introduced a plan to register over 3 million EU nationals and their family members to protect their existing citizens' rights in light of Brexit.
The EU Settlement Scheme (“Scheme") allows for eligible EU national workers and their family members to stay in the UK after Brexit provided that they register their new status by 31 December 2020 in a no-deal scenario.
The Scheme is now undergoing its final beta phase and the results are encouraging. At the end of Feb 2019, more than 105,000 applications have been processed. Of those applicants, 71% received settled status (equivalent to indefinite leave to remain) and the rest received pre-settled status (which leads to settlement after 5 continuous years). 75% of applicants received their decision in 3 days, and no applications were refused.
Regardless of whether a deal is reached, the Statement of Intent confirms that the Scheme (in its final form incorporating all changes) will be included as part of the Immigration Rules and made available for all eligible EU nationals and their family members from 7:00AM (GMT) on 30 March 2019.
There are important legal changes to the Scheme that employers should become familiar with when assisting their employees:
- Citizens of Norway, Iceland, Lichtenstein and Switzerland can register under the Scheme (previously their status post-Brexit was subject to negotiation).
- The registration fee of £65 is waived for those individuals applying under the Scheme after 29 March 2019.
- Continuous residence in the UK must have commenced before 11pm (GMT) on 29 March 2019 in order to be eligible under the Scheme in a no-deal scenario.
- Eligible EU national applicants based outside of the UK can also make an application under the Scheme from 9 April 2019. Eligible non-EU national family members can also apply from abroad provided that they have a valid (i.e. unexpired) residence card or a permanent residence card issued under EU law.
- There is a new EU Settlement Scheme family permit route which allows non-EU national family members (i.e. spouse, civil partner, durable partner) to accompany or join EU nationals. This new family permit will be valid for 6 months.
New visa categories for Start-ups and Innovators
Whilst Brexit dominates the attention of employers, the Home Office has introduced two new visa categories for Start-ups and Innovators in Appendix W to the Immigration Rules.
We believe the new visa categories symbolise a wider policy change to the immigration system for the following reasons:
1) The plain language used in Appendix W supports our view that the Home Office is moving towards the use of clear, concise and well-organised Immigration Rules in the future. It is anticipated that new worker visa rules in the future will eventually follow the format exemplified in Appendix W.
2) More importantly, we observe a seismic change in the Home Office's approach to future immigration control in this Statement of Intent. It signifies a departure from the system that has underpinned the modern business immigration regime since November 2008.
3) The monumental shift is evidenced by the decision to categorise the new Start-up and Innovator visa categories as a separate group of works visas outside the Points-Based System (PBS). Some may view this as the beginning of the demise of the PBS, which is positive news for employers as the PBS has become too complicated and burdensome for many employers to comply with.
The paradigm shift by the Home Office is also in line with the Immigration White Paper published last year, which includes numerous business friendly measures to be implemented in the new UK Immigration Rules from 2021. This is also good news for employers as EU nationals and non-EU nationals alike will benefit from the lowering of the threshold for Tier 2 work visas in the future.
In order to remain competitive and to attract skilled workers from all over the world after Brexit, we anticipate that the Home Office will continue to implement a new immigration system that is flexible, sensible and streamlined through the use of digital technology.
Although Brexit may temporarily disrupt employers who are seeking to attract and retain individuals with special skills, this Statement of Intent validates our view that the Home Office is becoming more pragmatic about the role they play in the UK economy and is willing to support businesses which must compete for talent globally regardless of their nationality.