As of 1 October 2017, with Regulation 2017/1566, the EU is granting autonomous preferences to certain products originating in Ukraine, on top of the trade preferences granted under the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) between the EU and Ukraine, which has been provisionally applied since 1 January 2016. The autonomous preferences will remain in place until end September 2020 and relate to wheat, maize, barley, oats and barley groats and pellets, processed tomatoes, natural honey, grape juice, and certain footwear, certain titanium-based pigments and preparations, certain fertilisers, certain copper and aluminium products and certain video camera recorders, video tuners, and televisions. The preferences are available subject to strict conditions and could be suspended or withdrawn in case of failure to comply with those conditions, or if imports under these preferences are such as to (threaten to) cause serious difficulties for EU producers.