The National Research Council said in an October 4 report that the United States is unlikely to meet its goal of producing 16 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol in 2022. The report, Renewable Fuel Standard: Potential Economic and Environmental Effects of U.S. Biofuel Policy, finds that the nation lacks the refining capacity necessary to meet the production goals and the fuel needs stronger market signals such as subsidies or a price on carbon to compete with petroleum.