On the heels of a San Francisco U.S. Magistrate Judge’s February 2018 ruling in Lawson v. Grubhub Inc. that Grubhub food delivery workers are independent contractors, Judge Michael Baylson of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania has held that Uber limousine drivers are likewise independent contractors under federal law. This is the first ruling regarding the classification of Uber drivers under federal law and it is surely to have a large impact on the ride-sharing industry.
The Philadelphia case, Razak v. Uber Techs., Inc., was filed in February 2016. The plaintiffs, seeking to represent all drivers in Philadelphia for Uber’s limousine service, UberBLACK, argued that Uber failed to pay them overtime and minimum wage in violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). The FLSA sets minimum wage, overtime and recordkeeping standards and only applies to employees, not independent contractors.
Judge Baylson held that Uber does not exercise enough control over its limo service drivers for them to be deemed employees under the FLSA. The drivers have the flexibility to work when they want to, where they want to and are free to tend to personal matters in between rides.
To date, the majority of the cases involving Uber drivers’ classification have been sent to arbitration. However Razak deals with plaintiffs who opted out of signing the company’s arbitration agreement; as a result, this is the first federal court to deliberate whether Uber drivers are accurately classified as independent contractors.
This decision, like the Grubhub decision, will have wide application and is setting precedent for employee classification for the entire ride-sharing industry.
The case is Razak v. Uber Technologies Inc., U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, Case No. 2:16-cv-00573.
Evelina Shpolyansky is an associate in Barnes & Thornburg’s Los Angeles office. As a member of the Labor and Employment Law Department, Ms. Shpolyansky focuses her practice on employment litigation and wage and hour disputes. She has experience in civil business litigation representing clients in state and federal courts, and in alternative dispute resolution proceedings, in connection with litigation arising from real estate, employment, intellectual property and other commercial disputes.