Following up its testing of soft drinks for the caramel-coloring ingredient 4-methylimidazole (4-MeI) by testing for its presence in pancake syrups, Consumer Reports tested several products, including pure maple syrup which had just 0.7 micrograms in a one-quarter cup serving, and found relatively low levels in light of the amount of syrup generally consumed in the united states. still, because 4 percent of children between the ages of 1 and 5 consume pancake syrup daily, Consumer Reports claims “the [cancer] risk would be 10 times higher than negli- gible, or one excess case of cancer in 100,000 people who ate that amount daily over a lifetime, that’s the point where risk becomes significant.” Because some syrups tested had little 4-MeI, Consumer Reports concludes that manufacturers that use caramel color can minimize the 4-MeI levels in their products and will urge the U.S. Food and Drug Administration “to set standards for 4-MeI in foods.”  It also calls for companies to disclose the types of caramel color they use, so that consumers can avoid 4-MeI. See Consumer Reports, May 2014.