The National Rail Safety Regulator (NRSR) commenced on 20 January 2013 and the National Heavy Vehicle Regulator (NHVR) on 21 January 2013.

The National Rail Safety Regulator (NRSR) commenced on 20 January 2013 and the National Heavy Vehicle Regulator (NHVR) on 21 January 2013.

The NRSR is based in Adelaide and has branches in the mainland capital cities. While it is intended that the rail system will be nationally regulated, at present, the NRSR will operates only in the Northern Territory, New South Wales, South Australia and Tasmania as these jurisdictions have already implemented the Rail Safety National Laws, which required all incidents to be reported to the NRSR. The remaining states are expected to implement the Rail Safety National Law within the course of 2013. The introduction of the NRSR will have the following benefits:

  • single, national accreditation for rail transport operators;
  • removing duplication of auditing, monitoring and inspection processes; and
  • improved availability of resources and specialist knowledge to inform decision making and safety investigations.

The NHVR is based in Brisbane and acts as an independent national regulator for heavy vehicles (over 4.5 tonnes) tasked with managing the National Heavy Vehicle Accreditation Scheme and the Performance-Based Standards Scheme’s design and vehicle approvals. It will administer the Heavy Vehicle National Law (HVNL) – which covers fatigue, speeding, compliance, chain of responsibility and vehicle dimension. Other aspects of heavy vehicle regulation such as registration, licensing and carriage of dangerous goods will remain the responsibility of state and territory transport authorities. State and territory police and authorised officers will continue to enforce heavy vehicle offences under the new national law, and legal and court processes will be largely unchanged.