On Monday October 26, 2015, the DOJ announced that Alexander Posobilov, Shavkat Abdullaev and Anastasia Diatlova were convicted, after a month long trial, on charges that they engaged in a conspiracy to export, and illegally exported, controlled advanced microelectronics to Russia. All three defendants worked for Houston-based Arc Electronics Inc. (Arc) and were originally charged in 2012 alongside eight other co-conspirators. Five members of the conspiracy, including Arc founder Alexander Fishenko, previously pleaded guilty to similar charges. It was determined at trial that the defendants obtained advanced microelectronics from manufacturers and suppliers located in the United States and exported them to Russian government agencies without obtaining the necessary export license. The microelectronics they exported (e.g., analog-to-digital converters, static random access memory chips, microcontrollers, microprocessors) can be used in radar, surveillance systems and weapons guidance systems—all areas where exports are strictly controlled under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act and AECA. To evade export controls, the defendants provided false end-user information, claimed that Arc was a manufacturer when it actually operated exclusively as an exporter, and falsely classified exported goods on records submitted to the Department of Commerce. All three defendants face up to 20 years in prison for each violation of U.S. export laws.