President Obama signed into law the USA FREEDOM Act, which ends the government’s bulk telephony metadata program (after a six-month transition period) while still allowing the government to obtain a great deal of call record information not pertaining directly to a suspected terrorist.  The Act also reauthorizes provisions allowing the FBI to gather business records in terrorism and espionage investigations, as well as track individuals who use multiple phones in order to evade surveillance.  It also places limits on the FBI’s use of National Security Letters and pen register/trap-and-trace devices, creates amici curiae to advance the interests of privacy and civil liberties in the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC), and provides for more transparency on FISC surveillance orders.