The Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) published its inaugural Africa Agriculture Status Report in 2013. It takes an in-depth look at the staple crop value chain (cereals and root crops) from classroom to field to market in 16 countries in Africa.

The report brings together data and analysis from more than 15 national and international organizations, including the World Bank, the Food and Agriculture Organization, various ministries of agriculture, Agriculture Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI), the International Food Policy Research Institute and the International Fund for Agricultural Development.

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Research & Development

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  • Some countries are investing heavily.
  • Others are lagging behind.
  • So food security suffers.

Landholding

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  • The small amount of land available is not being used at its full potential.
  • There’s just not enough infrastructure.
  • Not enough roads giving rural access.
  • Not enough irrigation.
  • Not enough land management capability

Women

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  • Most of Africa’s smallholder farmers are women.
  • Women are heavily disadvantaged under land rights systems.
  • Women are unable to access credit.
  • Unable to access agricultural technologies.
  • Unable to access services.

Fertiliser and seeds

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  • Africa’s seed markets are restricted by outdated laws and regulations (national and regional).
  • In some countries soil fertility is declining.
  • This affects crop yields.
  • It affects agricultural development.

Finance

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  • Agriculture is a low priority for investment.
  • Access to finance is a major constraint facing millions of smallholder farmers.
  • Farmers are unable to invest in agricultural technologies.
  • Unable to achieve higher agricultural productivity.
  • Unable to participate in markets.