In July 2009, the Campaign for Real Ale (CAMRA), designated a “super-complainant”, raised concerns with the Office of Fair Trading (OFT) over ‘tied leases’. These are exclusive purchasing agreements in pub leases that require the pubs to only purchase beer and other drinks from the pub-owning companies. On 22 October 2009, the OFT concluded that the practice raised insufficient concerns to warrant further consideration. CAMRA lodged an appeal against this decision. On 14 October 2010, following further consultation, the OFT acknowledged the importance of local pubs to consumers and local communities but on examination concluded that it was confident that consumers benefit from considerable competition between pubs and this prevents the traditional beer tie arrangements from inflating prices beyond competitive levels. The OFT therefore has decided not to take further action under the Competition Act 1998 or open a market investigation reference under the Enterprise Act 2002.