French companies looking to monitor their employees’ communications should make sure they haven’t unwittingly restricted themselves more than the law requires. France’s highest court recently ruled in Monsieur X v. YBC, Helpevia that the right of an employer to read its employees’ work-related emails can be limited by the company’s own internal rules. As a general principle, this should be self-evident. The notable thing about this decision is that it interpreted a company’s restrictions on email monitoring rather broadly, thus breaking with the Court’s recent employer-friendly rulings on workplace privacy. The decision is also a reminder of the importance of careful drafting when it comes to company policies dealing with privacy issues.