Representatives Ed Markey (D-MA) and Anna Eshoo (D-CA) revived efforts to mandate net neutrality with the introduction of a bill, known as the Internet Freedom Preservation Act, that would amend the 1934 Communications Act to “protect the right of consumers to access lawful content, run lawful applications and use lawful services of their choice on the Internet” and that would further direct the FCC to “promote an ever-increasing level of Internet access service to end users.” Unveiled late last week, the measure resembles similar legislation under the same name that was introduced last year during Markey’s tenure as chairman of the House Telecommunications and Internet subcommittee. Codifying net neutrality principles adopted by the FCC in 2005, the bill would bar Internet service providers from blocking, impairing, interfering with, discriminating against or degrading the ability of users to access, send, receive, post or offer any lawful application or service over the Internet. Network operators would be further prohibited from imposing additional fees on service providers or on applications or content beyond normal service charges imposed on end users and providers. End users would also be permitted to attach devices of their choice to the network as long as those devices cause no harm to the provider’s network. Web traffic “throttling” and similar practices justified by operators as “reasonable network management” would be allowed only “if it furthers a critically important interest, is narrowly tailored to further that interest, and is the means of furthering that interest that is the least restrictive, least discriminatory, and least constricting of consumer choice available.” The bill would also require providers to accommodate large peer-to-peer file uploads “to the extent feasible” and to supply sufficient bandwidth to “enable the provision of content, applications or services that require high bandwidth communications to and from the end user.” Observing that “the Internet has thrived and revolutionized business and the economy precisely because it started as an open technology,” Eshoo proclaimed: “this bill will ensure that the non-discriminatory framework that allows the Internet to thrive and competition on the web to flourish is preserved at a time when our economy needs it the most.”