Due to volatility in the Egyptian currency there have been several changes to official fees payable for patent examination in Egypt . The changes in local currency have however had little impact on the real cost making only negligible changes to the US dollar equivalent . Furthermore, in an attempt to encourage Egypt’s young inventors to make use of the patent system the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology (which is responsible for IP matters in Egypt), has allowed an exemption for students in educational institution from paying the examination fees.