Following an independent inquiry, the European Commission has sent Spain a letter of formal notice for not complying with the advertising rules in the Television Without Frontiers Directive. According to the Directive, channels are not allowed to exceed the limit of 12 minutes per hour of advertising and teleshopping. The inquiry reveals that Spain adopted an overly restrictive definition of “spot advertising”. As a consequence, it appears that Spanish television channels frequently exceed the 12 minute cap. The inquiry concludes that those channels also breached the Directive by not ensuring the mandatory period of 20 minutes between advertising breaks. Spain now has two months to respond to the Commission’s letter.