As of November 13, 2006, USCIS expanded its Premium Processing Service to the EB-1 Aliens with Extraordinary Ability category. USCIS now allows U.S. businesses filing EB-1 petitions to pay a $1,000 Premium Processing fee in exchange for 15-calendar-day processing of their case. Petitioning employers who wish to use the Premium Processing Service must submit Form I-140, Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker, along with Form I-907, Request for Premium Processing Service, and a $1000 processing fee.

Under the Premium Processing Service, USCIS guarantees petitioners that, for a $1,000 processing fee, it will issue either an approval notice, or where appropriate, a notice of intent to deny, a request for evidence or open an investigation for fraud or misrepresentation, within 15 calendar days of receipt. If the petition is not processed within 15 calendar days, USCIS will refund the $1,000 fee and continue to process the request as part of the Premium Processing Service. Since 2001, Premium Processing Service has been available for several nonimmigrant classifications within Form I-129, including E Treaty Traders and Investors, H-1B Specialty Occupation Workers, H-2B Temporary Workers performing non-agricultural services, H-3 Trainees, L Intracompany Transferees, O Aliens of Extraordinary Ability and those performing essential support services, P Performers and Athletes and those performing essential support services, Q International Cultural Exchange Visitors, R Religious Workers, and NAFTA Professionals from Canada and Mexico. Also, earlier this year, USCIS began accepting Premium Processing Service requests for petitions involving five other immigrant visa categories, EB-1 Outstanding professors and Researchers, EB-2 Members of Professions with Advanced Degrees or Exceptional Ability not seeking a National Interest Waiver, EB-3 Professionals, EB-3 Skilled Workers, and EB-3 Workers other than Skilled Workers and Professionals. Employers file for these immigrant visa categories using the Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker (Form I-140) as well.