The interface between human rights law and competition law has become increasingly high profile in the EU in recent years. One aspect of this is the compliance of competition procedures and penalties in the EU with human rights law, with it being argued that the entire single regulator system used at EU level and in most EU member states breaches the right to a fair trial. A Sept. 27, 2011, judgment of the European Court of Human Rights concerning an Italian competition law investigation is being trumpeted as an end to this debate for now. A senior official at the EC has stated, “this case confirms that an administrative system where an agency imposes sanctions but where these are subject to full review by an independent court should comply with [human] rights law”. This may be the case, but human rights arguments still abound in the competition law field, not least in relation to self-incrimination issues, practice at dawn raids and investigations into personal criminal offences.