So what is e-sport?

Here we’re talking about competitive video gaming at a professional level but it’s not video gaming as you know it in the comfort of your home. E-sport is more like traditional sports with professionals competing in arenas with huge live and online audiences as well as match commentators. The rapidly increasing popularity of e-sports generated US$696 million in revenues in 2017 and is expected to grow to US$1.5 billion by 2020. Asia is at the forefront of this phenomenon and already taking e-sport competition to the next level with the announcement of a medal event at the 2022 Asian Games in Hangzhou.

The leading e-sports game types include the multiplayer online battle arena (MOBA) genre, first person shooters and virtual sports. The key stakeholders here are game publishers, competition organizers, sponsors, streaming platforms, teams, players and let’s not forget the fans!

What are the untapped opportunities?

A powerful attraction of e-sports emerges from the prize pools for major competitions which exceeded US$20m. The locations for this level of competition are equally attractive and include iconic venues such as the Staples Center in Los Angeles and the Bird’s Nest in Beijing. It’s important to note that the opportunities here are far from being a “flash in the pan” with many large events on the horizon such as the 2022 Asian Games in Hangzhou.

What legal issues are raised by e-sports?

IP issues feature among the top legal issues, others being gaming law, sponsorship/merchandising (exclusivity, territory etc.), governance and disputes. Sponsors’ brands, competition titles, team/user names and tags perhaps come to mind first as IP rights (IPR) that must be protected and enforced.

Another key focus should be on copyright protection, whether it be for broadcasting/streaming rights, game content or competition content. High profile conflicts already exist in this area, such as a 3-way case between a streamer, an online platform and a game publisher.

Of course there is hardware involved too so design rights also need to be taken into consideration. A myriad of specialist equipment is ripe for this kind of IPR protection; gaming chairs, keyboards, mice, controllers and computer cases to name a few.