It is slowly becoming the norm, sometimes even a condition, when contracting with Middle Eastern companies, whether state or privately-owned, for disputes to be subject to local law with proceedings conducted locally, either before local courts or under the auspices of local arbitration centres. As a result, foreign investors have become increasingly interested in understanding how a locally issued arbitral award is enforced locally, namely where the assets of the Middle Eastern company are most likely situated. This article considers how the local courts in each of the default seats of the major regional arbitration institutions in the Middle East enforce awards issued locally. It also considers the position in relation to international enforcement of these locally issued awards and, finally, goes on to consider possible future developments. The four major arbitral institutions in the Middle East region are: the Dubai International Arbitration Centre, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE); the DIFC-LCIA Arbitration Centre based in the Dubai International Financial Centre, Dubai, UAE; the Cairo Regional Centre for International Commercial Arbitration, Cairo, Egypt; and the Qatar International Centre for Commercial Arbitration, Doha, Qatar. Although the use of arbitration as a means of dispute resolution in the Middle East is not new, recent developments in the various arbitral institutions and local law indicate a growing recognition of arbitration and arbitral awards and, as such, foreign counterparties are becoming more confident in choosing Middle Eastern seats of arbitrations. Several governments in the Middle East region are in the process of implementing, or already have implemented, new arbitration laws based on international standards in order to encourage greater confidence in their arbitration system, with the intention that this will in turn further encourage foreign investment.