The U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change will meet October 1-7 in Panama City to gain some momentum for the November-December Conference of Parties in South Africa. The Panama talks are the 16th session of the Ad-hoc Working Group on the Kyoto Protocol and the 14th session of the Ad-hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action, and are intended to pave the way for the Durban meetings that will seek to create a framework for a bridge agreement that can go into effect after the 2008-12 compliance period for the Kyoto Protocol expires.