• Collateral Estoppel: collateral estoppel is an affirmative defense that is generally not a basis for dismissal and, thus, HUD’s quiet-title action seeking to recover property foreclosed upon by condominium association due to HUD’s failure to pay assessments not subject to dismissal on grounds of collateral estoppel U.S. v. Triface Investments, LLC, Case No. 6:12–cv–861–Orl–31GJK (M.D. Fla. Sept. 25, 2012) (denying defendant’s motion to dismiss)