Under the Class Action Fairness Act, class actions filed in state court may be removed to federal court if, among other things, the aggregate value of the claims of the class exceeds a $5 million threshold. In The Standard Fire Ins. Co. v. Greg Knowles, No. 11-1450, (S.Ct. March 19, 2013), the Supreme Court held that removal could not be defeated by a stipulation in the complaint that it did not seek damages over that threshold. The Court reasoned that a class-action plaintiff in a case where no class has yet been certified lacks authority to bind the class by limiting its damages. Since, absent the stipulation, the aggregate damages of the purported class would have exceeded $5 million, the Court held that the case was properly removed.