The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued a rule requiring health and safety reporting for cadmium or cadmium compounds. 77 Fed. Reg. 71,561 (12/3/12). Issued under the Toxic Substances Control Act, the rule covers cadmium and cadmium compounds “that have been, or are reasonably likely to be, incorporated into consumer products.” It requires manufacturers and importers to report certain unpublished health and safety studies to EPA. The agency has reportedly indicated that it would issue a similar rule covering processors and distributors of cadmium and cadmium compounds.
EPA supported its action by referring to its own determination that cadmium is a probable human carcinogen, can affect the lungs if inhaled, may cause kidney disease if ingested orally, and has been shown to result in malformations in pregnant animals. The rule follows the Consumer Product Safety Commission’s (CPSC’s) recalls of cadmium-contaminated children’s products. Although it recognizes that most of the CPSC-recalled products were produced abroad, EPA anticipates receiving health and safety studies from importers of those products.