On 12 April 2017, the Commission announced that it had closed its investigation into the bioethanol sector. On 21 April 2015, the Commission confirmed that it had, on 24 March 2015, carried out surprise inspections at the premises of companies active in the production or trading of bioethanol. The Commission suspected that the companies concerned may have violated EU antitrust rules that prohibit cartels and restrictive business practices i.e. Article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union ("TFEU"). The product concerned was bioethanol used as a biofuel additive in the production of petrochemical fuels or as an ingredient used in, for example, the production of beverages, pharmaceutical products (e.g. antibacterial materials), chemical products (e.g. solvents) or cosmetics (e.g. perfumes).

Source: DG Competition Latest updates, antitrust and Commission Press Release 21/04/2015.