The Commission has accepted and made legally binding the commitments offered by the German railway incumbent Deutsche Bahn (“DB”) concerning its pricing system used by its subsidiary DB Energie for providing traction current to railway companies in Germany. Traction current is the electricity used to power locomotives. The Commission had concerns that DB's pricing system, in particular discounts that only railway companies belonging to DB could obtain, may have hampered competition in the German markets for rail freight and long-distance passenger transport in violation of Article 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (“TFEU”). According to the Commission, the pricing system used may have created a margin squeeze on the long distance passenger rail transport and rail freight markets in Germany. To address the Commission’s concerns, DB offered to introduce a new pricing system as of 1 July 2014 for traction current that would apply uniformly to all railway companies and should enable electricity providers not belonging to the DB group to directly supply traction current to railway companies. DB offered a set of initial commitments, which it amended in light of comments the Commission received from market participants. The Commission concluded that the final commitments will remedy its competition concerns by introducing competition on the traction current market and by putting an end to the margin squeeze on the rail transport markets in Germany. SourceCommission Press Release 18/12/2013