On 4-5 June 2014, leaders of the G7 nations (the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, France, Germany, Italy and Japan), the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission met in Brussels to discuss Ukraine, Russia and the international response to the situation in Crimea, among other issues. The G7 summit is the first since Russia was expelled from the G8 in March.
Following the summit, the leaders announced that they remained “united in condemning the Russian Federation’s continuing violation of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine”. The leaders declared they stood ready to intensify targeted sanctions and to implement significant additional restrictive measures to impose further costs on Russia should events so require.
Speaking to reporters after the summit, German Chancellor Angela Merkel warned that if there was no “progress in the questions we have to solve there is the possibility of sanctions, even heavy sanctions of phase 3 on the table”.