On April 23, the Senate Energy and Natural Resources held a hearing to consider several bills designed to streamline the permitting process for small hydropower projects, including S. 306 and H.R. 679, Bureau of Reclamation Small Conduit Hydropower Development and Rural Jobs Act; S. 545, the Hydropower Improvement Act of 2013; and H.R. 267, Hydropower Regulatory Efficiency Act of 2013. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Office of Energy Projects Director Jeff Wright praised the legislative proposals but warned that outside factors and other regulations, like the Clean Water Act, require collaboration with other agencies. This collaboration slows the permitting process. At the hearing, Ranking Member Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) said she anticipates the President will sign legislation on either hydropower or energy efficiency, if not both, this year.