Google released a study on June 28 concluding that a price on carbon or renewable energy mandate could significantly spur clean-energy innovation expanding the U.S. economy by $150-$244 billion per year and create 1.1-1.9 million new full-time jobs. Furthermore, the study indicated that changes in the U.S. at the household level could save $942-995 per year, reduce oil consumption by 1.6 billion barrels per year, and lower U.S. carbon emissions by 13-21 percent per year.