This is the ultimate issue of Across the EUniverse for 2016. It has been an eventful year. The forces of disintegration, otherwise known as the anti- globalisation movement, have won some significant battles. The UK has voted to leave the EU. Trump won the US election on an America only platform. Le Pen and AfD are making progress in France and Germany. TTIP has been put in the freezer. CETA only just scrapped through but will be subject to difficult approval processes in many Member States including a probably referendum in Holland and a possible referendum in Ireland. 2017 will be challenging. There are national elections in Germany, France, the Netherlands and possibly in Italy giving room for the disintegration forces to consolidate gains already made. The disentanglement negotiations between the EU and the UK will begin giving rise to uncertainties and increase the level of fear in common discourse. But whatever can be said about the EU it has never bucked a challenge. While it is true that many of its responses to the challenges it has faced have not been the best they have ensured the EU’s survival and that it has grown. The EU now has 28 Members with 6 actively negotiating to join. Europe is a beacon for many in the Middle and Near East and in Africa. The tide will turn. The value of the basic idea of the rule of law, of transparency in administration and decision making, of public services in education, health and unemployment benefits will eventually shine through. But this this is not pre-ordained. It must be won. And the work of lawyers in understanding and developing the law is essential in this process. In this months edition of Across we take some of the Articles from past numbers of this year we think are particularly important.

The data protection legislation in the post-Brexit scenario - Rocco Panetta

Implementation of the Copyright Directive in Italy - Lorenzo Attolico

Brexit and the Italian insurance market: what’s next? - Guido Foglia

Who decides on Brexit: financial services make it complicated - Bernard O'Connor

The Implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive: The European Parliament Report - Giovanni Moschetta

Tax consequences of Brexit - Federico Trutalli

Impact of Brexit on insolvency proceedings - Fabio Marelli

The discipline of construction and services concessions in the new Italian public contracts code (Act 18 April 2016, no.50) - Giuliano Berruti

Real Estate investment trusts in Italy (SIIQs): Expanding the range of instruments available to investors - Luigi Croce

The WTO Appellate Body Report in EU-Biodiesel - Bernard O'Connor

How should the European concept of res judicata be applied? - Tommaso Dalla Massara