Several substances used as ingredients for cosmetic and other consumer products will be evaluated for possible regulatory action in the European Union in the next three years.
On 27 October 2016, the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) announced its proposal under the EU’s REACH Regulation to evaluate 117 chemical substances suspected of posing a risk to human health and the environment. Each substance listed on the final Action Plan for 2017-2019 will be evaluated by an assigned Member State which may recommend: a) harmonized classification and labelling for carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic to reproductions, respiratory sensitizers or other effects; b) identification of the substance as a substance of very high concern; c) restrictions on the use of the substance; or d) actions outside the scope of REACH, such as proposals for EU occupational exposure limits, national measures or voluntary industry actions. These recommendations are submitted to the Commission, potentially prompting regulatory initiatives.
Of the 117 substances proposed for review, 22 are chemicals that were not previously listed. One of these new substances, butan-1-ol (also known as 1-Butanol or n-Butanol), is used as an ingredient in perfumes and as a solvent for the extraction of essential oils. According to the draft Action Plan, butan-1-ol is suspected to have reprotoxic properties, and is of further concern due to its widely dispersed use, broad consumer uses, potential for worker exposure, and high tonnage. The substance is tentatively assigned to Hungary for review in 2017.
Other substances used as ingredients on the draft Action Plan include:
- Zinc oxide: Used in makeup, baby lotions, bath soaps and foot powders. Suspected of having harmful properties when used in nano form. Scheduled to be evaluated in 2017 by Germany.
- Titanium dioxide: Used as a thickening, whitening, lubricating, and/or sunscreen ingredient in cosmetics. Suspected of having carcinogenic, mutagenic, and reprotoxic properties. Scheduled for evaluation in 2018 by France.
- Carbon Black: Common pigment in cosmetics. Suspected of having carcinogenic and reprotoxic properties. Scheduled to be evaluated in 2019 by France.
The draft Action Plan was submitted on October 13th to all Member State competent authorities and the ECHA Member State Committee for additional input. ECHA is expected to issue the final Action Plan for 2017-2019 by the end of March 2017. Substances can be added to or removed from the draft Action Plan until such time.