In an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) published in the Federal Register on August 10, the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) solicits public comments on a proposed requirement that contractors submit extensive compensation data to the agency through a web-based collection tool.
The proposed reporting requirement would impose substantial new burdens on contractors at a time when the OFCCP has many other proposals pending that will also considerably increase the compliance burden. For example, OFCCP has proposed revisions to the scheduling letter to request more detailed pay and personnel data in every audit.
The ANPRM explains that the data collection tool under consideration will be used in part by OFCCP to select contractors for intensive compensation audits. The OFCCP requests comments on the following types of issues:
- The specific type of pay data to collect, such as average starting pay, average pay raises, average bonuses, salary, total compensation (including paid leave and retirement and health benefits), W-2 earnings, holiday pay, commissions, shift differentials, and stock option
- The way to organize the data collection, such as by EEO-1 occupational categories, AAP job groups, census occupational codes, job titles, or departments
- Factors that might explain average pay differences, such as average tenure
- Factors that would allow for tests of statistical significance, such as minimum and maximum salary and standard deviation or variance of salary
- Questions to capture information necessary to understand the contractor's pay systems and policies
While the proposed reporting requirement would be burdensome for contractors, perhaps more disquieting are three OFCCP proposals regarding its use of the pay data. First, OFCCP appears to be considering a requirement that contractors submit pay data and be subject to pay audits at the time they are bidding on new federal contracts or subcontracts. As the procurement process seldom would afford OFCCP enough time to conduct a comprehensive pre-award audit, the implication of this requirement is that contract awards could be delayed or scuttled based on the agency's simplistic evaluation of the aggregate pay data submitted by contractors during the RFP process.
Second, the ANPRM indicates that OFCCP plans to conduct nationwide, cross-establishment compensation audits triggered by the pay data contractors submit. The possibility of nationwide pay audits by OFCCP corresponds with the Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis's comments to the National Employment Lawyers Association, a major organization of plaintiffs' lawyers, shortly after the Supreme Court's decision in Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes et al., 139 S. Ct. 2541, 2560-61 (2011). In her speech, Secretary Solis explained that the OFCCP is not bound by Rule 23 class action requirements to seek affected-class relief and that the agency intends to dramatically increase intensive compensation investigations.
Third, the OFCCP has indicated its intent to utilize the compensation data collected to study pay equity issues in certain industries and market sectors-a function far beyond its regulatory authority.
In light of the OFCCP's aggressive focus on compensation discrimination, federal contractors and subcontractors should consider conducting privileged risk assessments of their pay data in preparation for potential compensation audits.