According to the Italian Budget Law 2017, published in December 2016, the national economy will be placed back on track by promoting and enhancing investments from outside the Country. Herein we will focus on a new fiscal policy aiming at encouraging wealthy individuals to move their fiscal domicile within Italian borders.

The ambitious goal is going to be pursued through flat tax rate for income made abroad, an engaging measure in terms of social and economic spin offs, also providing a noteworthy, though limited, exception to the progressive tax system[i].

Getting straight to the point, the fiscal incentive - for those who will take up their tax residence in Italy - will consist of a new flat tax rate of EUR 100.000, based only on the income made abroad. The incentive may be extended to other family members by paying a further EUR 25.000 per capita.

Firstly, eligible applicants will be those high net worth individuals who have not been domiciled in Italy for at least the past nine years in the last decade.

Secondly, it will be regarded as foreign income or income made abroad, income from land and properties owned and located abroad, capital gains and income related to employment or selfemployment activities[ii]. It's really interesting to notice how, in order to avoid any misuse of the flat tax rate, it shall not be considered applicable to the transfer of qualified equity interests that will remain subject to the ordinary taxation regime[iii].

Furthermore, where an individual receives foreign income from more than one source, they have the option to exclude the foreign income from a few of those sources, as long as this has been declared at the time of the application[iv]. However, it constitutes a clear derogation to the worldwide income taxation principle[v] pursuant to which once a residence is elected, one should declare all income made worldwide, in order to prevent double taxation.

As to the conditions to exercise the option, the fiscal benefit has to be nominated by the deadline for the submission of tax returns and shall not exceed the duration of fifteen years starting from 2017. Additionally, given its nature to be applied regardless to the taxpayer income bracket, the full amount shall be paid in a lump sum (failing which the benefits shall be revoked).

The individual has also the option to submit a specific request to the Assessment Central Department of the Italian Tax Agency. To do this he will need to provide his personal data, current residence and information on the foreign income he receives that has been excluded from the statement[vi]. The Agency shall check if the application satisfies all the conditions required by the Revenue Authority order and give its opinion on the case; however the contributor may exercise the option to receive the flat tax rate before receiving the Agency evaluation.

Lastly, in a check- and- balance perspective, the individual who intend to take advantage from the benefit will not be entitled to receive both, flat tax benefits and other fiscal incentives provided by the law[vii], at the same time.

Nevertheless, since the flat tax replaces any personal income tax normally applied to foreign income[viii], it may constitute a tempting alternative for those who are subject to an ordinary or less advantageous taxation system, not being only intended to attract wealthy foreigners, but also to call upon high net worth Italians to return back to their homeland.