Ukraine's President Yanukovych signed the Law on Personal Data Protection (the "Law") (passed by Parliament on June 1, 2010), which establishes regulations for the collection, use, and transfer of a data. The Law, which will go into effect January 1, 2011, provides that personal data (defined in the Law as "information or aggregate information about an individual who is identified or can be identified," excluding anonymized data) may not be processed without the express consent of the data subject or unless the processing falls into one of several enumerated exceptions (including for national security, counter-terrorism, economic welfare, and human rights). Stricter regulations cover the processing of sensitive personal data, which includes information about race, ethnicity, political, philosophical, and religious opinions, political party or trade union membership, as well as health, or sex life. Many of the law’s key provisions are vague, so their meaning will need to be hashed out either in regulations or practical application.