A parent company can owe a direct duty of care to its subsidiary’s employees in appropriate circumstances, which is independent of any questions of vicarious liability or piercing the corporate veil. Such an assumption of responsibility existed in the present case where the parent company had in effect taken change of health and safety issues concerning asbestos for its subsidiary company which was no longer in existence. The claimant’s claim against the parent company was upheld (Chandler v Cape Plc).