Edward Snowden’s leaks about government surveillance activities have caused Europeans officials to decry communications companies’ cooperation with U.S. government demands. Last month, the Irish and German data protection authorities made separate announcements on whether U.S. companies transferring EU citizens’ personal information to the United States “adequately” protect such information under the E.U.-U.S. Safe Harbor Framework. And more recently, the Article 29 Working Party declared that it would conduct its own review. The announcements will likely cause headaches for companies that transfer EU citizens’ data to the United States.