After revisiting a prior safety assessment, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has established an acceptable daily intake (ADI) of 4 mg/kg bw/day for the food coloring known as Sunset Yellow. EFSA’s Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources Added to Food (ANS) recommended raising the ADI—previously set at 1 mg/kg bw/day—in light of a 28-day study report, a 2011 evaluation conducted by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives and additional toxicological information made available since the 2009 assessment.

“Exposure estimates for Sunset Yellow FCF based both on the currently authorized MPLs [Maximum Permitted Levels] and reported use levels are well below the new ADI of 4 mg/kg bw/day for all population groups,” noted the ANS Panel. “Overall, the Panel concluded that, using data provided by the food industry and Member States, the reported uses and use levels of Sunset Yellow FCF (E 110) would not be of safety concern.” See EFSA News Brief, July 14, 2014.