On June 29, 2016, the US Federal Reserve Board announced that it has not objected to the capital plans of 30 of the 33 bank holding companies participating in the Comprehensive Capital Analysis and Review (CCAR). The Federal Reserve Board objected to two firms’ plans and while one other firm’s plan was not objected to, it is being required to address certain weaknesses and resubmit its plan by the end of 2016.
CCAR evaluates the capital planning processes and capital adequacy of the largest US-based bank holding companies (including US BHC subsidiaries of non-US banking organizations), including the firms’ planned capital actions such as dividend payments and share buybacks and issuances. When considering a firm’s capital plan, the Federal Reserve Board analyzes, and may object to a capital plan based on, quantitative factors (e.g., a firm’s projected capital ratios under a hypothetical scenario of severe economic and financial market stress) and qualitative factors (e.g., the strength of the firm’s capital planning process, which incorporate the risk management, internal controls and governance practices that support the process). If the Federal Reserve Board objects to a capital plan, a firm may not make any capital distribution unless expressly authorized by the Federal Reserve Board.
Since the first round of stress tests led by the Federal Reserve Board in 2009, the common equity capital ratio, which compares high-quality capital to risk-weighted assets, of the 33 bank holding companies in the 2016 CCAR has more than doubled from 5.5 percent in the first quarter of 2009 to 12.2 percent in the first quarter of 2016. This reflects an increase of more than $700 billion in common equity capital to a total of $1.2 trillion during the same period.
The CCAR 2016 assessment framework and results are available at: