The European Court of Justice (ECJ) has expanded the rights of non-Community family members of an EU migrant worker to reside in an EU Member State. In 2003, the ECJ had ruled that, under the Directive on Free Movement of Union Citizens, an EU migrant worker only had the right to bring his or her non- Community family members into the territory of an EU Member State if they were already lawful residents in another Member State. The ECJ has now ?reconsidered? this ruling and decided that, where the EU migrant worker has exercised his right to free movement, the family automatically enjoys the same rights of residence regardless of prior residence of those family members and notwithstanding whether the marriage took place before or after the right to free movement was exercised by the EU citizen. The ECJ did, however, clarify that Member States, upon examination of each case, may still refuse entry and residence on grounds of public policy, public security, public health or fraud, such as marriages of convenience.