Last month, key elements of Australia’s Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Act 2015 entered into force.  Among other things, telecommunications and Internet service providers must retain certain communications data for two years.  Along with detailing what data is to be retained or omitted, the law includes rules on which entities may access such information and on warrant application procedures.  The law also states that service providers must ensure the confidentiality of gathered data.  Service providers may apply to the Communications Access Co-ordinator for approval of their data retention implementation plans.